Al-Amili on imitation

Muhammad Al-Hurr Al-Amili writes:“Chapter 14 – Impermissibility of imitation (Taqlid) of someone other than the infallibles in legal judgments – [764] 1 – Muhammad Ibn Ya’qub reported from a number of our companions who reported from Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Khalid who reported from Abdullah Ibn Yahya who reported from Ibn Muskan who reported from Abu Basir that he was Imam As-Sadiq (a.) about the verse: “They took their scholars and their monks to be lords instead of God. (9:31) He said: “By God, they did not call them to worship them; for if they had called them to worship them, they would not have listened to them, but they permitted them to do what was forbidden and forbidden them to do what was permitted. Therefore they worshipped them in a way they were not aware of.”I say: “The traditions concerning this subject have been continuously and repeatedly reported (Mutawatir). We mention a summary of it in the aforementioned book.”– [765] 2 – This includes the statement of Imam As-Sadiq (a.): “Beware of these authorities, who are ascending to authority, because by God, the sandals did not pulsate behind anyone except that he (himself) perished and (others) perished.”– [766] 3 – And his (a.) statement: “Woe to you to give someone other than the proof (a.) such a position that you believe everything he said.”– [767]4 – And his (a.) statement: “He that obeyed a man in disobedience has worshipped him.”-768] 5- And the statement of Imam Al-Baqir (a.): “He who listened to a speaker has worshipped him. If the speaker conveyed the message from God, then he has worshipped God; and if the speaker conveyed the message from Satan, then he has worshipped Satan.” – 6 – And his (a.) statement: “Anything that does not come out of this house is false.” – 770] 7 – And the statement of Imam As-Sadiq (a.): “Fear God and do not go to the authorities! Leave them alone until they come to an end. By God, I am better for you than they are.” – [771] 8 – And the statement of Imam Ali (a.): “We are the guiding principle and the companions and the treasuries and the doors. The houses shall not be entered other than through their doors, and whoever enters them other than through their doors, shall be granted the title of thief.” – [772]9 – And his (a.) statement: “Among men there are only two kinds of men: a law abider and an inventor of an innovation.” – [773]10 – And the statement of Imam As-Sadiq (a.): “Abstain from the analogy (Qiyas) and opinion (Ra’y) and what people say about God’s religion without proof! Besides these, there are many other traditions.”[Al-Fusul-ul-Muhimmah Fi Usul Al-A’immah, Volume 1 Page 524 – 527]

قال شيخ الإسلام الحر العاملي رضي الله عنه: باب ١٤ – عدم جواز تقليد غير المعصوم في الأحكام الشرعية [٧٦٤] ١ – محمد بن يعقوب، عن عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن خالد، عن عبد الله بن يحيى، عن ابن مسكان، عن أبي بصير، عن أبي عبد الله عليه الصلاة والسلام قال: قلت له: اتخذوا أحبارهم ورهبانهم أربابا من دون الله فقال: أما والله ما دعوهم إلى عبادة أنفسهم ولو دعوهم ما أجابوهم ولكن أحلوا لهم حراما وحرموا عليهم حلالا فعبدوهم من حيث لا يشعرون أقول: والأحاديث في ذلك متواترة، ذكرنا جملة منها في الكتاب المذكور [٧٦٥] ٢ – فمن ذلك قول الصادق عليه الصلاة والسلام: إياك وهؤلاء الرؤساء الذين يترأسون فوالله ما خفقت النعال خلف أحد إلا هلك وأهلك. [٧٦٦] ٣ – وقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: إياك أن تنصب أحدا دون الحجة، فتصدقه في كل ما قال. [٧٦٧] ٤ – وقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: من أطاع رجلا في معصية فقد عبده [٧٦٨] ٥ – وقول الباقر عليه الصلاة والسلام: من أصغى إلى ناطق فقد عبده فإن كان الناطق يؤدي عن الله فقد عبد الله وإن كان الناطق يؤدي عن الشيطان فقد عبد الشيطان. [٧٦٩] ٦ – وقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: كل ما لم يخرج من هذا البيت فهو باطل. [٧٧٠] ٧ – وقول الصادق عليه الصلاة والسلام: اتقوا الله ولا تأتوا الرؤساء، دعوهم حتى يصيروا أذنابا، أنا والله خير لكم منهم. [٧٧١] ٨ – وقول علي عليه الصلاة والسلام: نحن الشعار والأصحاب والخزنة والأبواب ولا تؤتى البيوت إلا من أبوابها فمن أتاها من غير أبوابها سمي سارقا. [٧٧٢] ٩ – وقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام: إنما الناس رجلان، متتبع شرعة، ومبتدع بدعة. [٧٧٣] ١٠ – وقول الصادق عليه الصلاة والسلام: دع القياس والرأي وما قال قوم في دين الله ليس له برهان إلى غير ذلك من الأحاديث الكثيرة جدا

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